You can access all of Stata’s data management, statistical, and analysis features from the menus and associated dialogs. Select any feature from the Data, Graphics, or Statistics menu and fill in the resulting dialog. All features can be found in the menus, from generating a new variable to match-merges and reshaping datasets, from tabulations and summary statistics to negative binomial regression of a count outcome with survey data.
We displayed the dialog by clicking the Statistics menu, selecting Survey data analysis, selecting Count outcomes, and selecting Negative binomial regression.
Even command-line aficionados will find Stata’s GUI useful. The GUI makes commands you are using for the first time easier to learn by showing you the command and the proper syntax for the operation that you wish to perform.
If you click on the screenshot of the main interface above, you will see several windows within it.
The main one in the center, partially covered up by the menu we have open, is the Results window. The results from your analyses appear here.
Just underneath it is the Command window where you can type commands when you aren’t using the GUI to manage and analyze your data.
To the left is the Review window. This is your command history, and it shows all commands you have typed during your Stata session and all commands Stata created for you when you work with the GUI.
At the top right is the Variables window, and under it is the Properties window. You can use these together to manage your variables, including their names, labels, value labels, notes, formats, and storage types.
Stata’s GUI has several other specialized tools to help you work efficiently
Organize and open Stata files. The Project Manager lets you quickly access Stata files without having to navigate through file dialogs. You can open do-files in the Do-file Editor, use Stata data, and draw saved Stata graphs by double-clicking on the files in the Project Manager. There are no limitations to the kinds of files you can add to a project.
This provides a live view onto your data. Leave it up while you work in Stata and watch what is happening to your data. You can also input data, copy-and-paste data (and preview data on the clipboard before importing it), and manage variables just as in the main interface. And, there is a unique “browse” mode which locks down the Data Editor into a read-only mode so you can safely look at your data without fear that an accidental key press will change something.
Edit your Stata batch files/scripts (do-files), Stata programs, Stata help files, or any text document.
The Do-file Editor has specialized features for programmers such as syntax highlighting, code folding, bookmarks to important lines in your code, brace matching, and more.
For quick changes to your variables, you can use the Variables window in the main interface or in the Data Editor. But, for managing hundreds or thousands of variables, their names, labels, notes, and types, you’ll want to take advantage of the Variables Manager, a dedicated tool for working with large numbers of variables.
The Viewer is where you use Stata’s help system. It works like the help window does in most applications but has some special features to help you work more efficiently in Stata. For example, it provides an interface to Stata’s Internet features for finding and installing new free additions written by StataCorp and other users. The Viewer also gives you quick access to the dialog(s) for the command in the help file, links related to the help file you are looking at, such as its full PDF manual entry, and to sections within the current help file.
When you draw a graph in Stata, it opens in a separate window known as the Graph window. From there you can print the graph, copy it to the clipboard, and export it to formats such as PDF, EPS, PNG, and TIFF. You can click on a button which transforms the Graph window into the Graph Editor which gives you full point-and-click access to edit every aspect of your graphs. You can even “record” the edits you make and apply them to another graph, or to hundreds of other graphs.
The same tools Stata uses to create its GUI are available to you as well. You can extend the GUI by creating your own dialogs and adding your own menus. The same code you write on your computer will work across Windows, Mac, and Unix.
There is more than we can list here, but a few other highlights are:
Everything you do from the GUI, everything, is reflected as a command submitted to Stata, so you have a complete reproducible audit trail of all data management and analyses you perform even when you work from the GUI.
There is a GUI interface, usually a dialog box, for every command in Stata. If you need help issuing a command, simply open up the dialog for it and it will show you the way.
Stata can export graphs and results directly to PDF files on all platforms — Windows, Mac, and Unix/Linux.*
There are many preferences for adjusting the layout of Stata’s windows, its fonts, colors, and more. Stata even lets you choose from several preset schemes ideal for presentations, high-resolution monitors, and more. In particular, high-DPI support has been enhanced in Stata 14.*
Stata’s GUI is available not just in English, but also in Spanish and Japanese. If your operating system is set to operate in one of those languages, Stata will use it by default. If you wish to manually change the language, you can do so from Stata’s Preferences or via the set locale_ui command.*